Art & Design

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Year 1

  • Use artwork to record ideas, observations and experiences.

  • Experiment with different materials to design and make products in two and three dimensions.

  • Explain what they like about the work of others.

  • Know the names of tools, techniques and elements that they use.

  • Make simple maps and plans e.g. pictorial place in a story.

Year 2

  • Try out different activities and make sensible choices about what to do next.

  • Select particular techniques to create a chosen product and develop some care and control over materials and their use.

  • Give reasons for their preferences when looking at art/craft or design work.

  • Know that different artists' works are made by craftspeople from different cultures and times.

Year 3

  • Use a sketchbook for recording observations, for experimenting with techniques or planning out ideas.

  • Experiment with different materials to create a range of effects and use these techniques in the completed piece of work.

  • Explain what they like/dislike about their work.

  • Know about some of the great artists, architects and designers in history and describe their work.

Year 4

  • Use a sketchbook for collecting ideas and developing a plan for a completed piece of artwork.

  • Use taught technical skills to adapt and improve their work.

  • Articulate how they might improve their work using technical terms and reasons as a matter of routine.

  • Describe some of the key ideas, techniques and working practise of artists, architects and designers who they have studied.

Year 5

  • Develop different ideas and explain their choices for the materials and techniques used.

  • Confidently and systematically investigate the potential of new and unfamiliar materials and use these techniques within their work.

  • Evaluate their work against their intended outcomes.

  • Research and discuss various artists, architects and designers and discuss their processes and explain how these were used in the finished product.

Year 6

  • Select ideas based on first-hand observations, experience or imagination and develop these through open ended research.

  • Refine their use of learnt techniques.

  • Adapt their work following feedback or discussion based on their preparatory ideas.

  • Describe the work and ideas of various artists, architects and designers using appropriate vocabulary and referring to historical and cultural contexts.

  • Explain and justify preference towards different styles and artists.


Year 1

  • Use a variety of tools including pencils, rubbers, crayons, pastels, felt tips, charcoal, ballpoints, chalk and other dry material to represent objects in lines.

  • Explore mark-making using a variety of tools.

  • Make structures by joining simple objects together.

  • Cut, glue and trim material to create images from a variety of media, e.g. photocopies, fabric, crepe paper, magazines.

  • Make marks in print using found objects and basic tools and use these to create repeating patterns.

  • Sort, cut and shape fabrics and experiment with ways of joining them.

Year 2

  • Experiment with tones using pencils, chalk or charcoal.

  • Represent things observed, remembered or imagined using colour/tools in two and three dimensions.

  • Experiment with basic tools on rigid and flexible materials.

  • Make textured collages from a variety of media and by folding, crumpling and tearing materials.

  • Use a variety of techniques to join fabrics and apply decorations such as a running or over stitch.

Year 3

  • Explore shading using different media.

  • Understand and identify key aspects such as complementary colours, colour as tone, warm and cold colours.

  • Compare and recreate forms of natural and man-made objects.

  • Create a collage using overlapping and layering.

  • Create printing blocks using relief or impressed techniques.

  • Add detail to work using different types of stitch, including cross-stitch.

Year 4

  • Draw familiar objects with correct proportions.

  • Create different effects by using a variety of tools and techniques such as bleeds, washes, scratches and splashes.

  • Plan a sculpture through drawing and other preparatory work.

  • Experiment with creating mood, feeling, movement and areas of interest by selecting appropriate materials and learnt techniques.

  • Use a variety of techniques e.g. marbling, silkscreen and cold water paste.

  • Print on fabrics using tie-dyes or batik.

Year 5

  • Use line, tone and shading to represent things seen, remembered or imagined in three dimensions.

  • Mix colours to express mood, divide foreground and background or demonstrate tones.

  • Develop skills in using clay including slabs, coils and slips.

  • Add collage to a painted, drawn or printed background using techniques, colours and textures.

  • Experiment with using layers and overlays to create new colours/textures.

  • Return to work over longer periods of time and use a wider range of materials.

Year 6

  • Begin to develop an awareness of composition, scale and proportion in their work.

  • Use simple perspective in their work using a single focal point and horizon.

  • Produce intricate patterns and textures in a malleable media.

  • Use techniques, colours, tones and effects in an appropriate way to represent seen-brushstrokes following the direction of the grass, stippling to paint sand, watercolour bleeds to show clouds.

  • Use different techniques, colour and textures when designing and making pieces of work and explaining their choices.

  • Create intricate printing patterns by simplifying and modifying sketchbook designs.

  • Follow a design brief to achieve an effect for a particular function.